Properties of Vinegar

Properties of vinegar … Vinegar is mainly a water down aqueous solution of acetic acid and this is shown in its physical and chemical residential or commercial properties. It’s the item of two biochemical procedures. These procedures are alcoholic fermentation and acid fermentation. Alcoholic fermentation converts natural sugar to alcohol. Acid fermentation converts alcohol to acid by means of bacteria, which are present in the air, we breathe, called acetobacter. The acid part of vinegar is what gives it its sour taste and its antibacterial (bacterium killing) residential or commercial properties in addition to its cleaning homes.

Vinegar isn’t just a dilute solution of acetic acid. Depending on the fruit or other natural starting produce and the amount of processing, it can include varying quantities of minerals, enzymes, vitamins, fiber and other organic substances. But these are just small parts of the vinegar, despite the fact that they are all major factors to its flavor, color, aroma and overall nutritional advantages.

The bulk of the chemical and physical residential or commercial properties of vinegar originated from its two major elements, which are acetic acid and water.

  • The chemical formula of vinegar
  • The density of vinegar
  • The boiling point of vinegar
  • The freezing point of vinegar
  • The pH of vinegar
  • The Material Safety Data Sheet of vinegar

Chemical Properties of Vinegar

The chemical formula is the chemical formula of acetic acid because it’s a dilute solution of acetic acid. One molecule of acetic acid contains two carbon, four hydrogens, and two oxygen atoms. The molecular structure is written as CH3COOH. Vinegar is used by chemistry students of all ages in experiments with baking soda.


Density is mass per unit volume of a solution. It’s used in many mathematical calculations utilized in analysis and can be measured by a hydrometer. The hydrometer measures relative density or specific gravity. Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of any substance to the density of some other substance used as standard, water being the standard for liquids and solids, and hydrogen or air being the standard for gases. The typical commercial vinegar that has a 5 percent acetic acid content has a density of about 1.01 grams per milliliter.

Boiling Point

The boiling point of vinegar also depends on the acetic acid content. The typical commercial distilled white vinegar, which contains 5 percent acetic acid and of course 95 percent water boils at about 100.6 degrees Celcius or 213 degrees Fahrenheit.

Freezing Point of Vinegar

Just as with the density and boiling point, the freezing point of vinegar will depend on the acetic acid content. The typical 5 percent of commercial vinegar has a freezing point of about – 2 degrees Celcius or 28 degrees Fahrenheit.


The term pH means “potential hydrogen” and refers to the number of hydrogen ions present in solution. Mathematically, pH is equal to the negative logarithm, using base 10, of the hydrogen ion concentration in mole per liter. If the pH of a solution decreases by 1 pH unit, then its hydrogen ion concentration increases by 10 times. Pure water has a neutral pH of 7. Neutral means that anything less than 7 is acidic and anything greater than 7 is basic or alkaline.

The pH of vinegar is dependent on the amount of acid present in the vinegar. Most commercial vinegar is a 5 percent solution and therefore, will have a pH of 2.4.

pH of Common Liquids

Sea Water7.360
Distilled Water7.000
Normal Rain5.700
Acid Rain5.200
Tomato Juice4.200
Mug Root Beer4.038
Orange Juice3.500
7 Up3.202
Grapefruit Juice3.150
Apple Juice3.100
Dr Pepper2.899
Stomach Acid2.500
RC Cola2.387
Sulfuric Acid000.3
Hydrochloric Acid000.1


A Material Safety Data Sheet or MSDS is a sheet containing physical and chemical information on a particular substance. It measures the safety and impact on the environment of the substance as well as its risks. They’re mainly for workers and emergency personnel but they can be used by anyone. Each vinegar manufacturer will have its own MSDS for its own.